Palm oil plantation is very important to the whole palm oil processing project, especially the standard of palm oil plantation. Indonesia has standard palm oil plantations. Below is a brief overview of palm oil and palm plantation standards.
Oil palm is a plant of the family Palmaceae; its main producing areas are distributed near the equator at 5-10° south latitude and 5-10° north latitude in tropical areas, and it is an important tropical oil plant. The oil yield of oil palm is very high: common fresh fruit oil content: 46-50%, palm kernel: 50-55%. Oil palms begin to outgrow palm fruit about two and a half years after they are transplanted. First of all, the output is very low, 8-15 years is the time of full bloom and the output reaches the main; it grows more than 20 years and it gradually ages; its growth cycle is 25-30 years.
The standard palm oil plantation usually requires as follows: about 140 palm trees should be planted per hectare of land, and the annual output is about 20 tons of fresh fruit bunches; after being processed, about 20% is crude palm oil and 20% is kernels.