Palm oil is a vegetable oil, extracted from the fruit of the palm. Palm oil is the second most edible vegetable oil in the world, second only to soybean oil. How are palm oils made? In short, they are extracted from the fruit of the palm. A brief description of how palm oil is made is as follows:
Several steps to make palm oil:
Fresh ripe bunches of palm fruit were collected from the orchard (palm fruit is abundant in areas close to the earth’s equator from north to south at about 15 degrees latitude). Then, the fresh palm fruit is sealed and sterilized in a sterilization tank, and directly injected with steam for heating for 60 minutes. The purpose is to prevent enzymatic decomposition and avoid further increase of oil free fatty acid content.
After sterilization, the palm fruit is separated from the palm fruit bunch, palm fruit is the main product we are dealing with. The purpose of mashing is to separate the pulp and crush the palm pulp. At the same time, steam is used to cook the palm fruit and break down the cells of the pulp.
After the palm fruit is crushed, it is sent to a screw press. Then we got crude oil. Because crude palm oil contains a lot of colloids, free fatty acids, and natural pigments, palm oil should be clarified before consumption.
The palm oil refining process is divided into 4 steps, degumming, deacidification, decolorization, deodorization and cooling filtration. After refining, palm oil can be sold directly to wholesalers, or packaged and distributed to the domestic market.